ACADEMIC TOPICS

Alternative Reproductive Technology (ART)

Also known as assisted reproductive technology, it is an alternative to traditional reproduction, used by persons who are infertile. It is also an umbrella term that encompasses in vitro fertilization, sperm donation, ovum donation, a surrogate...

American Civil Liberties Union

Definition

A national organization that engages in litigation, legislative lobbying, and educational outreach in order to preserve and further individual rights and liberties that are guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of the United States....

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) (also referred to as the Recovery Act) was a large omnibus bill providing over $747 billion in supplemental appropriations for the 2009 fiscal year and spending to aid families and...

Amicus Curiae

Latin for "friend of the court." Plural is "amici curiae." Frequently, a person or group who is not a party to an action, but has a strong interest in the matter, will petition the court for permission to submit a brief in the action with the intent of...

Anti-Contact Rule (Lawyers Professional Responsibility)

In representing a client, a lawyer should not communicate about the subject of the representation with a person the lawyer knows to be represented by another lawyer in the matter, unless the lawyer has the consent of the other lawyer or is authorized...

Antitrust Laws

The three key federal statutes in Antitrust Law are Sherman Act Section 1, Sherman Act Section 2, and the Clayton Act.

The Per Se Rule v. the Rule of Reason:

Violations under the Sherman Act take one of two forms -- either as a per...

Antitrust Violations

Violations of laws designed to protect trade and commerce from abusive practices such as price-fixing, restraints, price discrimination, and monopolization. The principal federal antitrust laws are the Sherman Act (15 U.S.C. §§ 1-7) and the Clayton Act...

Apartheid

Apartheid refers to the implementation and maintenance of a system of legalized racial segregation in which one racial group is deprived of political and civil rights. Apartheid is a crime against humanity punishable under the Rome Statute of the...

Appear

To enter an appearance in a case.

Argument

An argument is both the process of giving reasons for believing something is true as well as the term used to describe the reason(s) given.

An argument is also a disagreement between two or more persons, in which opposing...

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