ACADEMIC TOPICS

Blue sky law

Blue Sky Laws are state securities regulations. That is, in addition to federal securities regulations, mainly the Securities Act of 1933 and the Exchange Act of 1934, states may also require issuers of securities to register with their state...

Burden of allegation

A plaintiff must make sufficient assertions of fact in the initial pleading to support a cause of action against a defendant. A party seeking to raise an issue at trial generally bears the burden of proof as to such issue.

Also referred to as "...

Burden of persuasion

The obligation of a party to introduce evidence that persuades the factfinder, to a requisite degree of belief, that a particular proposition of fact is true. In civil cases, a party's burden is usually "by a preponderance of the evidence." In...

Burden of production

A party's obligation to come forward with sufficient evidence to support a particular proposition of fact. Satisfying the burden of production may also be referred to as establishing a prima facie case. Determining whether a party has satisfied its...

Burden of Proof

Overview

Generally, describes the standard that a party seeking to prove a fact in court must satisfy to have that fact legally established. There are different standards in different circumstances. For example, in criminal cases, the burden of proving...

Business record exception

Business records exception is a statutory exception to the rule against hearsay in Federal and most state courts. The exception allows parties to enter regularly compiled records within an organization that meet a certain level of...

business records exception

Business records exception is a statutory exception to the rule against hearsay in Federal and most state courts. The exception allows parties to enter regularly compiled records within an organization that meet a certain level of...

CALI

CALI stands for the Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction. CALI is a non-profit, 501(c)(3) consortium of most of the law schools in the United States. More information about CALI can be found at their website.

Canon Law

Canon law refers to the body of ecclesiastical law that developed within Christianity, particularly Roman Catholicism, governing the internal hierarchy and administration of the church. It also governs church ceremonies, the role of clergy,...

Cap and Trade

See cap-and-trade

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