ACADEMIC TOPICS

argument

An argument is both the process of giving reasons for believing something is true as well as the term used to describe the reason(s) given.

An argument is also a disagreement between two or more persons, in which opposing...

ART

Alternative Reproductive Technology (ART), also known as assisted reproductive technology, can be defined as an alternative to traditional reproduction, used by persons who are infertile. It is also a term that encompasses in vitro...

artificial intelligence (AI)

According to 15 U.S. Code § 9401 artificial intelligence is defined as “a machine-based system that can, for a given set of human-defined objectives, make predictions, recommendations or decisions influencing real or virtual environments.”...

assisted suicide

Assisted suicide, also referred to physician-assisted suicide (PAS) is a method by which a physician will provide medical supplies and prescription medications to a terminally ill individual as a means for that individual to end their life....

at issue memorandum

An at issue memorandum is a legal document usually filed in a civil case. It states that all the parties in a case have been served and that the parties are at issue (or in disagreement) over one or more points that need...

attorney of record

The attorney of record is the lawyer who appears in court or receives pleadings and other formal documents on a party's behalf. Also known as counsel of record.

In People v. Macrander, 828 P.2d 234, the Supreme Court of...

attorney-client privilege

Attorney-client privilege protects confidential communications between a lawyer and their client that relate to the client's seeking of legal advice or services. This protection extends to any information exchanged during these privileged...

audit

An audit (noun) is a formal examination and verification of an individual’s or organization’s records and accounts, finances, or compliance with a set of standards.

To audit (verb) is the act of conducting the formal...

audit committee

The audit committee is a committee composed of a company’s board of directors in charge of overseeing the company’s auditors, financial reporting, and disclosures. 15 U.S.C. § 78c(a)(58) defines an audit committee as “a committee (or...

auditor

An auditor is one who conducts an audit. Specifically, an auditor is a person or firm (usually an accountant or accounting firm) that conducts a formal examination and verification of an individual’s or organization’s records and accounts,...

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