An argument is both the process of giving reasons for believing something is true as well as the term used to describe the reason(s) given.

An argument is also a disagreement between two or more persons, in which opposing...



The first step in criminal proceeding where the defendant is brought in front of the court to hear the charges and enter a plea.

Illustrative caselaw

See, e.g. County of Riverside v. McLaughlin 500 U.S. 44 (1991) and Godinez v. Moran,...


An arrest is using legal authority to deprive a person of his or her freedom of movement. An arrest is generally made with an arrest warrant. An arrest may be made without a warrant if probable cause and exigent circumstances are presented at the...

Article III

Refers to Article III of the Constitution, the section of the Constitution that authorizes a federal court system. This provides that federal courts have judicial power over all cases and controversies arising under the Constitution, laws, or treaties...

Associate Justice

Associate justice is the designation given to a justice on a judicial panel who is not the chief justice.

Most commonly, the term is used to describe one of the eight associate justices on the Supreme Court of the United...

At Issue Memorandum

Definition from Nolo’s Plain-English Law DictionaryA document that states that all parties to a case have been served, that the parties disagree (or are "at issue") over one or more points that need to be resolved at trial, and how much time the parties...



To testify or confirm that something is true, genuine, or authentic. See attestation.

Illustrative case law

See, e.g. Keely v. Moore, 196 U.S. 38 (1904).

See alsoAttestation clauseEstates and trusts



Testimony or confirmation that something is true, genuine, or authentic. An attestation is frequently in writing. For example, a witness attests a will by signing it; his or her signature may confirm, inter alia, that he or she witnessed the...

Attestation Clause


A clause at the end of a document, in particular a will, which sets forth the legal requirements the document must satisfy, states that those requirements have been met, and is signed by one or more witnesses. An attestation clause...



1) Someone authorized to practice law; a lawyer. Also called attorney-at-law and public attorney.

2) Less commonly, an agent authorized to act on behalf of another person, but not necessarily authorized to practice law, e.g. a...