courts and procedure

permission to approach the witness

Permission to approach the witness is a request made by an attorney during a court proceeding to ask the presiding judge for permission before approaching the witness on the stand. The judge may grant or deny the request based on the specific...

permissive counterclaim

A permissive counterclaim is a type of legal claim that a defendant in a lawsuit may choose to bring against the plaintiff. This rule is outlined in Federal Rule of Civil Procedure Rule 13(b). It applies when the defendant’s claim does not...

personal jurisdiction

Personal jurisdiction refers to a court’s authority to adjudicate the rights and liability of the defendant. Before a court can exercise power over a party, the U.S. Constitution requires that the party has certain minimum contacts with the...

petition

A petition is a formal written request to a court or other official body, seeking some form of legal action or relief. It may be filed by a person, group, or organization.

[Last updated in January of 2024 by the Wex Definitions Team...

petition for certiorari

Petition for certiorari refers to a petition that asks an appellate court to grant a writ of certiorari. This type of petition usually argues that a lower court has incorrectly decided an important question of law, and that the mistake should...

petitioner

The petitioner is the party who presents a petition or motion to the court. The term is frequently used to describe the appellant in an appeal, where the petitioner is usually the party who lost in the lower court. This can be either the...

pillaging

Pillaging, also known as plundering, is the forced seizure of another’s property, especially during wartime. Sometimes, pillaging refers to the property so seized or plundered during wartime.

Pillaging is classified as a...

Pinkerton liability

Pinkerton liability allows defendants in criminal conspiracy cases to be found guilty of crimes committed by their co-conspirators. The Pinkerton liability doctrine was established in 1946 by the Supreme Court in Pinkerton v. U.S.

...

plea bargain

A plea bargain, also known as “negotiating a plea,” is an agreement between the prosecution and the defendant where the defendant agrees to plead guilty to the charges against them. A plea is a criminal law term referring to the accused...

plea colloquy

A plea colloquy is the conversation between a judge and a criminal defendant after the defendant enters a plea of guilty or nolo contendere, but prior to the judge accepting the plea. The plea colloquy is intended to ensure that the defendant...

Pages