legal education and writing



An abbreviation for American Bar Association. See American Bar Association (ABA).

See alsoAmerican Bar Association

Admission to Practice

Bar Admissions: An Overview

Admission to the practice of law (admission to the bar of a state) is governed by rules and regulations promulgated solely by a state's courts, legislatures, and/or bar association. The rules must not violate the...

Bachelor of Laws

Bachelor of Laws (abbreviated as LL.B., LLB, or rarely Ll.B.) is an undergraduate law degree. In most common law countries (with the exceptions of all Canadian provinces except Quebec, and the U.S.), the LL.B. program is generally entered...


CALI stands for the Center for Computer-Assisted Legal Instruction. CALI is a non-profit, 501(c)(3) consortium of most of the law schools in the United States. More information about CALI can be found at their website.

Case System

Case system is a customary means of instruction in law schools where general legal principles are learned through the reading and discussion of cases. Typically, students in a class are assigned to peruse one or more cases on a particular...


Abbreviation for the Latin word confer, meaning "compare." Cf. is a signal indicating that the cited source supports a different claim than the one just made, but that it is worthwhile to compare the two claims and assess the difference....


A complete statement of positive law, usually arranged by topic and sub-topic.

Promulgated codes contain the laws, rules, and/or regulations currently in force in a given jurisdiction.

Model codes, such as the UCC, are written so that...

Critical Legal Theory


Critical legal studies (CLS) is a theory which states that the law is necessarily intertwined with social issues, particularly stating that the law has inherent social biases. Proponents of CLS believe that the law supports the interests of...


Disbarment is the most severe sanction for attorney misconduct, which involves the removal of an attorney's license to practice law. Since the court has exclusive responsibility to license lawyers, it has sole authority to remove...



The revocation of a lawyer’s license to practice law, usually as a result of a violation of professional ethics.

Disbarment may be imposed by the state bar association if a lawyer commits an offense that directly relates to his...