wex definitions

voidable marriage

A marriage that is valid until declared invalid. The grounds for invalidation of marriage vary depending on state. Common grounds for voiding a marriage include that one of the parties is below the age of consent, a party was incapable of consenting...

voir dire

French for "to speak the truth." The process through which potential jurors from the venire are questioned by either the judge or a lawyer to determine their suitability for jury service. Also the preliminary questioning of witnesses (especially...

volenti non fit injuria

Volenti non fit injuria is Latin for “to a willing person, it is not a wrong.” This legal maxim holds that a person who knowingly and voluntarily risks danger cannot recover for any resulting injury. This principle was the common-law basis...

voluntary

In reference to law, “voluntary” is used to indicate willfulness or intention. For example:

“Voluntary waste” is the willful act of damaging a property or depleting natural resources available on the property. “Voluntary...

voluntary bankruptcy

Voluntary bankruptcy is a bankruptcy proceeding commenced by the debtor; bankruptcy instituted by an adjudication upon a debtor’s petition.

Involuntary bankruptcy, on the other hand, is a bankruptcy case initiated by a...

voluntary manslaughter

Killing another person without deliberation, premeditation, or malice aforethought. Committed while in the heat of passion, or else, as a result of some kind of adequate provocation.

voluntary waste

Voluntary waste, also referred to as affirmative waste, refers to overt and willful acts of destruction performed by a tenant or life tenant that lead to the drop in value of a piece of property by harming the property or depleting natural...

voter bill of rights

Voter bills of rights are collections of voting rights and protections adopted in many states. While they vary greatly by state, they often include basic information on voting eligibility, where a person can vote, privacy, right to assistance...

voting trust

A trust formed when individual shareholders transfer both the legal title and voting rights in their shares to a trustee. The trustee then controls a unified voting block - with a stronger voice on matters of corporate governance than the individual...

W-2 form

The W-2 form, the "Wage and Tax Statement," is an IRS form provided by the employer that reports the employee's income, the amount of taxes withheld from wages, benefits provided and other important information for the previous calendar year...

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