wex definitions

wills: attestation requirement

Wills must be attested (witnessed) in order to be valid. The witness must acknowledge the will. Most states require more than one witness.

wills: signature requirement

Wills must be signed in order to be valid. Some states require that the signature appear at the end of the document, while other states allow the signature to appear anywhere on the document.

wills: writing requirement

Wills must be in writing in order to be valid, but not necessarily paper. The writing requirement is met long as the will is written in some more or less permanent medium.

winding up

The settlement of debts and liquidation of assets, done with the goal of dissolving a partnership or corporation.

See: dissolution of corporation.

winding up a corporation

The process of dissolving a corporation or settling the affairs of a dissolved corporation. Winding up a corporation generally takes place when a corporation decides to end a business or declares bankruptcy. Winding up involves the settling...

WIPO Copyright and Performances and Phonograms Treaties Implementation Act

Title I of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, the “WIPO Copyright and Performances and Phonograms Treaties Implementation Act of 1998” added Chapter 12, Copyright Protection and Management Systems, to the Copyright Act.

At the time of the DMCA...

wire fraud

Wire fraud occurs when interstate wirings are used in furtherance of a criminal act. In order for a defendant to be convicted under 18 U.S.C. 1343 for committing wire fraud, the follow elements must be satisfied: (1) the defendant must have been...


One of several possible means to acquire the contents of a communication by means of an electronic device.


Wiretapping is the act of recording communications between parties, often without their consent. While wiretaps can be a powerful tool for authorities conducting criminal investigations, they are also legally at odds with the right to privacy...

with prejudice

When a court dismisses an action, they can either do so “with prejudice” or “without prejudice.” Dismissal with prejudice means that the plaintiff cannot refile the same claim again in that court.

The reason that dismissal...